- Relationship/Rapport Development: The establishment and maintenance of an empathic, respectful and collaborative partnership.
- Psycho social Investigation: The gathering of information in order to obtain a context within which the difficulties can be clarified and understood. Included in this process is the “tracking” of the symptom or dysfunctional pattern, evaluation of functioning in the life task areas, a systematic review of formative experiences, including: family atmosphere, gender guiding lines, big numbers, psychological birth order vantage, early recollections, etc.
- Interpretation/Insight: A mutual effort to understand those lifestyle meanings, values and goals that make the dysfunctional pattern or symptom necessary. The Socratic method of asking questions and stochastic guessing method are employed.
- Reorientation: Facilitating movement toward more flexible, effective and courageous ways for the client to see him/herself, his/her world and his/her place of significance, security and success.
Reference: Articles in “Psychodynamics, Psychotherapy and Counseling” by Rudolf Dreikurs, M.D.